Triple-play services (voice, video, and data) are emerging as the key driver for telecom investment, with several factors driving this convergence. The Internet is maturing, not only for the transport of web information, but also for e-commerce. Increasingly sophisticated protocols are therefore emerging to manage and secure the network for business and consumer alike. Also, the technology used to digitally represent, store, and transport all types of data continues to accelerate. Managing these services on a common Internet protocol (IP) network leads to a dramatic reduction in operational expenses. Increased competition from the cable industry into data and voice services, coupled with the decreased profitability of traditional long-distance telephone, has lit a fire under traditional data carriers to begin serious investigation and deployment of triple-play capabilities via the Internet.