For decades, the business world has sought a practical way to add ‘computer vision’ capabilities to applications and products. Industries understand the windfall of new business benefits that computer vision
could introduce—from more sophisticated homeland defense capabilities, to improvements in automotive safety, to smarter robots, to more interactive video games, and more.

This paper describes the challenges for prior approaches to computer vision, and highlights 3D stereo vision’s emergence as the preferred method of enabling sight in machines.