Femtocells or Home base stations are an important development for cellular networks. This new emerging base station class demands economical test equipment suitable for mass production. Rohde & Schwarz range of signal generators and analyzers contain models suitable for testing all classes of base station. With the R&S SMBV100A Vector Signal Generator and the R&S FSV Signal Analyzer Rohde & Schwarz supply two instruments which are particularly suited for the fast and cost-efficient calibration and test required for Femtocells. This application note describes the tests commonly used during the production of Femtocells, focusing on WCDMA, HSPA, and HSPA+ technology. Tests, test plans and hardware setups for Femtocells with and without receiver diversity are detailed. Find hints about the instrument settings and have a look at typical measurement results. An introduction to simulating GPS/A-GPS signals for testing the GPS receiver of a Femtocell completes the paper.