Recent advances in parallel processing show great promise in enabling improvements in medical imaging equipment performance. Parallel processing, specifically parallel computing, is a form of computation in which many calculations are carried out simultaneously. The concept operates on the principle that large problems can often be divided into smaller ones, which are then solved concurrently. Parallelism has been employed for many years, mainly in high-performance computing, but the more recent rise of multicore processor technology such as Intel Quad-Core technology has brought the power of parallel processing down to the server and subsystem level. This white paper explores some of the various options available to system designers to effect parallel processing, and available high-performance compute systems from RadiSys that can enable them to do so.