An integrated circuit is a small but sophisticated device implementing several electronic functions. It is made up of two major parts: a tiny and very fragile silicon chip (die) and a package which is intended to protect the internal silicon chip and to provide users with a practical way of handling the component. This note describes the various “front-end” and “back-end” manufacturing processes and takes the transistor as an example, because it uses the MOS technology. Actually, this technology is used for the majority of the ICs manufactured at STMicroelectronics.

For more information on semiconductor technology, visit STMicroelectronics’ Web site. Paper courtesy of STMicroelectronics.