Transceivers have become commonplace in many applications across all markets. This drive, fuelled by the desire to move more data, is supplemented by the emergence of many new transmission protocols. Today’s FPGAs with embedded transceivers support many widely accepted serial protocol standards, including Gigabit Ethernet, PCI Express, XAUI and Serial Rapid IO. Maintaining signal integrity is a key element for the successful implementation of these standards within high bandwidth applications. This paper discusses the complex issues facing system designers, and FPGA-based solutions that support high-speed applications and protocols.

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