This document provides an overview of ARINC 429 and other ARINC protocols. ARINC 429 is the most commonly used data bus for commercial and transport aircraft. This document explains the origins of the ARINC Corporation, the data bus specification and where ARINC 429 is used. Then it summarizes the principal electrical and data characteristics, which are defined in the specification.

This document is not a complete description of ARINC 429. It is intended only as a brief tutorial and isn’t meant to replace the complete specification.