Semiconductor technology advancements enable new portable and wearable devices for biosensing and monitoring, helping to enhance medical treatment, aid in health maintenance, and promote fitness. Throughout the world, populations are aging, driving the need for increased health care resources. By 2025 more than one person in five throughout the world—approaching two billion people overall—will be over the age of 60, according to United Nations population estimates. This paper explains why more effective health care delivery is needed to reach more people now and in the years to come.